Valley of the Kings

Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings Is Where You Witness The Secret Process of Mummification of Kings and The Official Ceremony for Their Burial

Can you imagine a day that you can attend the rituals that the ancient Egyptians had performed for their dead kings to move to the afterlife, where they would live as gods? From building the tomb and embalmment the king’s body to transport the Mummy in a solemn ceremony to pass the body and complete the burial customs, and finally, hide the tomb completely, The Valley of the Kings is the place where history revives since 1539-1075 BC.

In that Secret Place, which is the Valley of the Kings, you can live the Ancient Egyptians beliefs that are the mystery to reviving their civilization till now, and you can salute Kings Bodies

A long narrow winding path surrounded by heights includes 62 Pharaohs who were buried from the Egyptian New kingdom. Just cross the Nile to the west bank where the ancient Egyptians dead with the sun sets, which relives again from the east, then the pharaoh begins his other life to live in his tomb. That was called the -funeral journey of the deceased with the solar god in the boat that connects him to the other world.

As a result, the tomb in the Valley of the Kings was closed tightly and never opened after the corpse had passed and the burial ceremony had been completed. Therefore, they spilled at the entrance of the tomb debris, dust, and stones to hide the tomb completely. And no one had to know the place of these tombs to keep the kings’ bodies and their treasure, which had been set to the pharaohs to enjoy their next life.

For this same reason, drawings and inscriptions related to the other world and its inhabitants in all the tomb parts were painted, starting from its entrance, its vaults, corridors, and the burial hall. When visiting these tombs, you can see with your own eye all these decorations that had been drilled by the ancient Egyptians hands.

In addition, inscriptions that uncover the mummification details of the pharaoh, the tools, and materials that used in that, while keeping some secrets related to embalming that the pharaohs did not disclose and science are unable to identify them, as well as drawings related to preparing the tomb for the king. That will lead you to live history and witness the ancient Egyptians when they bid farewell to their kings.

So, When visiting the Valley of the Kings, you will be in the middle of a place that the ancient Egyptians had always kept as a secret, and they were covering the workers’ eyes when transmitting them not to let them know the way of these royal tombs to avoid any thefts

Can you realize what you will see in the valley of the kings now? Your eyes will be surprised when you see these tombs’ treasures. And that was why the kings of Egypt’s New Kingdom (1539-1075 BC) had taken the valley as a royal burial ground for pharaohs of the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties.

The Secret Behind Choosing The Valley of The Kings as a Place for The Royal Tombs & The Treasure

Before the New Kingdom duration, the pyramids, which are royal tombs, had plundered, and the kings’ mummies had been stolen, so during the New Kingdom, the kings had decided to avoid building pyramids and had built their cemeteries in a far place. 

That was why Thutmose I (1540 – 1501 BC), the third king of the eighteenth dynasty pharaohs, wanted to choose his tomb in a secluded valley behind good rocks to preserve his treasure and his body from being extended by thieves hands. So he entrusted the engineer Anini to choose this place for him.

Anini did this mission alone, which his king entrusted him with, as in the texts he wrote on his tomb, he said: I alone supervised the selection of the rocky tomb of my Majesty King Thutmose I, without anyone seeing or hearing me.

Because of the ancient Egyptians’ belief in resurrection and immortality, their way to achieve that was to take care of their dead by preparing places for burial and paying all their efforts to choose these tombs, and they spared no effort in bringing huge coffin stones from far away.

From ancient times until the pre-dynastic era, the ancient Egyptians chose their tombs on the edge of the desert, far from the agricultural valley land that is flooded annually by floodwaters, or on the slopes of rocky hills. They are far from the natural factors of annihilation, such as humidity that decompose and destroy bodies.

So, Who exactly had buried in that place, the valley of the kings, which had been selected carefully? 

Who are these Egyptian tombs embrace, where you find history embodied in front of you?

Valley of the kings is located in the heart of the funerary city of Thebes, was used for 500 years between the sixteenth and eleventh centuries BC to be a complex for secret tombs of the pharaohs and nobles extending from the eighteenth dynasty to the twentieth dynasty in ancient Egypt. 

It is divided into two valleys, the Eastern Valley, where most of the royal tombs are located, and the Western Valley, which contains many treasures that dazzled the world through the amazing Pharaonic burial rituals in which mummies were buried and that clearly painted in the tombs.

So, when you go through The Valley Of Kings, ensure that you are in a secret place, where pharaohs sentries guarded the entrance, as well as the tops of the hills to discourage tomb robbers and save these following tombs.

Tutankhamun Tomb_Valley of the Kings

On your way between these heights, the sand carries you to an exceptional treasure of pure gold and alabaster everywhere amid impressive inscriptions and drawings dating back more than 4000 years, and in the midst of which lies the Mummy of the young pharaoh King Tutankhamun.

Tutankhamun’s tomb or tomb 62 according to the scientific notation known internationally as KV 62, this tomb won wide international fame for its riches and treasures when it was discovered, as it is considered the only cemetery of the ancient kings of Egypt that was found with all its contents and was not stolen by thieves, neither in ancient nor modern times.

It was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter under the ruins of the workers’ huts built since the Ramesside era, which indicates that the cemetery remains in good condition.

Despite its enormous wealth, the tomb of Tutankhamun is very modest in terms of size and architectural design compared to other tombs at this site due to the arrival of Tutankhamun to the throne at a very young age and reigned for only nine years.

Therefore, you can now imagine what the tombs of the mighty modern state kings such as Tuthmosis III, Amenhotep III, and Ramses II would contain if this was what the boy king’s tomb contained.

Tomb of King Thutmose III_Valley of the Kings

This tomb differs in its design from the rest of the tombs of the kings of the valley, as it consists of two axes and these two axes form an almost right angle and the entrance to the cemetery is luxurious and was discovered in 1898.

Your suspense will begin when you enter a steep slope corridor that leads to a corridor, which ends at a small room with a descending stairway that leads to a small corridor and then to the well-colored room with a blue roof and white stars and a depth of 6 meters from, where we will reach an almost square room with two columns and a blue floor and a ceiling decorated with stars Yellow on its walls.

 There is a long list of the names of the gods and goddesses in the other world, up to 741 names, and in the northern corner of this room, there is a descending staircase that connects to the burial chamber.

There are four small chambers on both sides of the room, which are covered with a group of black and red inscriptions, and all these inscriptions are still in good condition.

Tomb of King Thutmose IV_Valley of the Kings

Tomb of King Thutmose IV is where you live with the king his afterlife by reaching the room that includes the scenes of the king standing in front of each of the god Osiris, Anubis, and Hathor, just arrive at the entrance that leads to a descending staircase and then to a corridor and then to a rectangular room whose floor is formed in the form of a ladder that leads the room to the corridor and the corridor ends at the well room where you find all these inscriptions that were done with great precision indicating ingenuity.

At the exit from the well chamber, we find another room in which there are two columns that are free of inscriptions, and in the northern corner of it, there is a descending stairway that leads to a descending staircase leading to another room.

 This room also contains many colorful scenes that represent the king standing in front of the gods and some other scenes depicting the king.

You can witness the time when Thutmose IV accepted the sign of life (the ankh) from the god Hathor and Anubis. From this room, you will reach the main burial chamber, whose ceiling bears six columns in two rows, and between the last two columns, there is a stairway.

That leads to a lower room where there is an engraved sarcophagus made of red granite stone, and this burial chamber leads to four chambers. The two small rooms on each side of the burial chamber include the funerary furniture, which was found in this tomb and was transferred to the Egyptian Museum for display.

This cemetery was discovered in 1903 by Theodore Davis and his assistant Carter. The cemetery consists of three axes; each axis meets the other at an almost right angle.

Tomb of Amenhotep II_Valley of the Kings

Discovered in 1898, it begins with an entrance that leads to a descending staircase and then to a corridor carved into the rock that leads to a rectangular room that connects the room to another passage that leads to the well room.

The burial chamber is a large hall, the ceiling of which is based on six columns in two rows, and between the last two columns, there is a stairway leading to a depression in which the coffin of the royal Mummy is located.

The coffin was carved from quartzite, and there are four other small rooms in that room. If you enter the second room of them, which is located to the right of the entrance, you will find nine royal mummies. The first room contained three mummies of unknown persons, and the ceiling of the room was decorated in blue and had stars colored in yellow.

King City II tomb and his mystery_Valley of the Kings

When you reach the door of that cemetery, you will find many inscriptions that show signs that they were erased and then re-carved again, which indicates that the king was deposed and re-assumed power again. This tomb was discovered in 1922, contains many distinctive drawings, especially the symbol of the king himself.

King Ay’s tomb_Valley of the Kings

The tomb begins with a stairway leading to the entrance to the cemetery and then a ramp that leads to another stairway, then a corridor leading to a small room and then the burial room, which contains a pink granite sarcophagus: three rows plus other colorful scenes of the goddess, the king, and his wife.

Tomb of Ramses IV_Valley of the Kings

When you reach the sun inscription, know that you have reached the tomb of Ramses IV, where you will find many inscriptions of the god Ra, and other inscriptions of the goddess Khabar and Tom with the head of a ram and on the other side Isis and Nephites worshiping Raaz.

Then you will find the granite sarcophagus of the king in the burial chamber, which is characterized by the colorful writings and inscriptions of the gods.

Actually, the Valley Of The Kings is where you can salute the ancient Egyptian workers and go into one of the first factories that humanity knew. How that?

An unprecedented discovery of a Pharaonic industrial zone in the Valley of the Kings

After being impressed by seeing these valuable sarcophagi and decorations, you can learn about their manufacture and the experience of ancient Egyptian workers by visiting their industrial zone in the western section of the Valley of the Kings.

 In which, you can visit 30 workshops for manufacturing tools for preparing the tombs of the Kings. Archaeologist Zahi Hawass said that this industrial zone is for the workers who decorated the coffins.  It was a workshop for making all the furniture by hand.

Large quantities of decorative tools that were used to decorate the coffins of the kings of the Eighteenth Dynasty are penetrated history and launched from the hands of Egyptian workers since ancient times, to dazzle us in our time.

Tips to enjoy visiting the Valley of the Kings

  • It would be best if you started your journey to the valley of the kings in the early morning to avoid the heat.
  • Make sure you have a flashlight so you can see all the dark corners of the tombs in the valley of the kings. 
  • Make sure to wear comfortable shoes because there are a lot of stairs to go down. 
  • The valley of the kings has a visitor center that has many clean toilets, a tourist bazaar, a ticket kiosk, and places for cold drinks and snacks.
  • You will need a ticket for the entrance, which costs 200 LE and allows you to visit only three cemeteries and choose them according to your desire. Our tour guide will direct you to the best tombs in which you will find all meanings of creativity and accuracy accompanied by the refreshing scent of history.
  • If you wish to visit the tomb of King Tutankhamen (KV62), you will buy an additional ticket with 250 LE costs.
  • It is not allowed to use your camera inside the Valley of The Kings, but you will leave it at the entrance
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