A Green Dome Sparkles With an Islamic Masterpiece!
Inside the lofty historical walls of Salah al-Din Citadel, wandering amid the most powerful medieval war castles with unique historical architectural designs and historical tiles bearing majestic events as if you walk on waves transfer from a great historical story to other, a huge shiny green dome that attracts attention and captures the souls will meet you. At this time, you feel that for sure this dome announces a unique architectural masterpiece. To come close and find your feet are indulging amidst quintessential archaeological treasures that eyes have not seen like them before. Welcome to the green mosque.
How A Pharaonic & Roman history Calls You On This Islamic Tile! The Green Mosque Wonders!
Wander amid 74 marble columns comes from history to narrate the story of its era. Each column differs from the other in the shape and its capital, announcing the era to which it belongs. There are columns from the Pharaonic, Ptolemaic, and Roman eras. So, some of them including a pharaonic lotus flower, and others have drawings that express other eras.
Therefore, every column inside this mosque is as if it is a plane that travels with you to an era of historical times to move from the Pharaonic to the Roman. Then you look around to find yourself in the heart of the vibrant Islamic architecture in the era of the Mamluks in 1318 AD.
Each Spot Shiny with Islamic Architectural Treasures! You Are Amid A full Architectural Creativity From History
From these majestic columns, the Mihrab of the mosque sparkles in your eyes to take you to its
glare. It takes the form of a hollow, surrounded by two small Mihrabs. geometric motifs from delicate marble mosaics inlaid with mother-of-pearl cover this Mihrabs entirely.
The Qibla wall, the direction of the praying, was cover with colored marble to a height of about five and a half meters. It is divided into oyster arches and delicate marble covering inlaid with mother-of-pearl. To the right of the Mihrab, another form of art that will appeal to you is the wooden pulpit inlaid with ivory and mother-of-pearl, forming stars among various shapes. A chair for the Qur’an made of rosewood, its sides decorated with star-shaped plates inlaid with mother-of-pearl.
Lift your eyes up; Atop openings surround you that the beautiful gypsum screens covered them and a ceiling lined with gold. Look below; you are standing on a colored marble floor.
So, when you stand there, you will find the accurate description for this magnificent mosque is; “It is a spacious mosque, high in construction, furnished on the floor with marble, lined with gold ceilings, with a high dome on its chest, followed by a covered cabin, which is the corridors with iron windows, with tight workmanship, and its courtyard is surrounded by corridors on its sides.”
Four Months To Build This Green Pearl of Architectural Elegance To Adorn The Land Since the 14th Century AD. So, What is the story of the establishment of the Green Mosque!
The establishment of the Green Mosque was in the Mamluk era to replace an old mosque in the castle dating back to the reign of al-Malik al-Kamil. Al-Nasir Muhammad bin Qalawun built it in 1318 AD, as he demolished the old mosque and re-established the new one. And its construction was complete in 4 months and 25 days.
This mosque has other 2 names; the Al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque descent to al-Nasir Muhammad and the sermon mosque because it was the official mosque for Friday prayers inside the official headquarters of the government in the Mamluk era.
In 1335 AD, Al-Nasir Muhammad renovated the building of his mosque to accommodate approximately 5,000 worshipers. It follows the system of the first layouts for mosques. And it consists of an approximately square shape. Its length from north to south is 63 meters, its width from east to west is 57 meters. And it consists of an open middle courtyard of 35.5 meters long x 23.5 meters wide.
Let’s Take A Tour Inside the Mosque
The open courtyard is in the heart of the mosque and four porticos surround it. The largest of which is the Qibla portico, which is in front of the green dome. Ten granite columns within the 74 historical columns raise and support this dome.
The dome of the mosque is distinct. It consists of a stone square based on a group of archers, three on each side.
Two minarets surmount the mosque, one to the north and the other to the west. The two minarets take the styles of the minarets of the city of Tabriz. They resemble the amazing minaret of Ali Shah of Tabriz.
The mosque has two doors. One of which is western and is adjacent to this minaret. The second door is on the northern facade. And at the end of it raises a second minaret characterized by its square base.