The Citadel Of Saladin

The Citadel Of Saladin

How Had The Citadel of Saladin  Protected Egypt!

A tough attack was on its way to risk the land of the Nile. So what the ruler of Egypt “Saladin El Ayouby” had to do! The citadel of Saladin is where to live this event, and know-how exactly this great army chief countered the danger of the Fatimid state and other external dangers.

Saladin El Ayouby decided in 1176 AD to establish the largest war castle that was built in the Middle Ages, set on Mokattam Mountain with a creative Engineering design and with a huge wall surrounding the Cairo and the Fustat cities together, so that one army will protect the two cities against any attack. This is the Citadel Of Saladin.

The Saladin Citadel of Cairo has built in the middle of this wall. And Mokattam Mountain was the ideal location to establish this fortress. That made attacking it difficult. So, the army can attack strongly, having a strong line of defense behind the soldiers. You can live the adventure like you are one of this army by visiting citadel Saladin.

Ayyubid Dynasty is one of the important periods that Egypt lived. So do not ignore to visit one of its remarkable features, which is the  Saladin citadel Cairo. But when you visit this great historical place, be with accompany of our professional tour guide. He/she knows the story of each tile in the castle.

At this time, don’t miss that Saladin had ordered to collect all the resources to construct the military structure. That is why you will walk around the most powerful forts in the whole world at that time.

How Saladin Provided The Citadel with the Water

When you walk through the Saladin citadel, you will find a deep well called Joseph Well. Saladin ordered to dug this well to provide the soldiers and the inhabitants of his castle with water in the event of any siege.

About the other well that you will see, it belongs to Al-Nasir Muhammad Ibn Qalawun that had taken control of Egypt in 1293. It had been built as the first well was not able to produce a quantity of water sufficient for the number of people and animals that lived inside the castle.

So, Qalawun built a well that carried water from the Nile to the wall through a set of wheels to transfer the water to The fortress through the canals built during the reign of Saladin.

Important Historical Event The Citadel Of Saladin Cairo Witnessed

The Citadel of Saladin witnessed several historical events during the Ayyubid and Mamluks period. Even during the French invasion of Egypt, and Mohammed Ali had controlled Egypt from The Castle, and he committed the most heinous crime in history, the castle massacre to get rid of the Mamelukes.

The Historical Monuments Inside The Citadel

When you live these events seeing all the important historical monuments, don’t ignore visiting the important mosques inside the citadel. It is The Nasser Muhammad Mosque, the oldest mosque in this citadel built-in 1318. This mosque called the Mamluk Mosque of the Citadel, where the Sultans of Cairo used to perform the Friday prayer. Also there you can find the Suleiman Pasha Mosque, built-in 1528.

In addition to a Mosque Muhammad Ali Pasha, which is the mosque in which Muhammad Ali was buried, although his body was transferred to Hosh al-Basha in 1857.

While living the life of soldiers in this great citadel, look at the 13 towers built to guarantee the soldiers’ protection and the residents of the castle.

They are: Al-Mokattam Towers, Al-Sefah, Al-Alwah, Karkailan, Al-Tarfa, Al-Matar, Al-Mblatt, Al-Muqsar, Al-Imam known as Al-Qarafa Tower, Al-Ramla, Al-Haddad, Al-Sahra, Al-Murabba.

Three museums are waiting for you there. One of them is the Museum of the Jawhara Palace. Also, you will see there the throne of Muhammad Ali, it was a present from the King of Italy. In addition to the Museum of Transport, which was opened in 1983. It includes a group of royal cars that date back to different historical periods. Also, there is the Military Museum.

In addition to 3 palaces that designed in the Islamic designs. Inside the citadel of Saladin, you will be surrounded by 4 historical gates, which are El Mokatam Gate, Bab Ed Haddad, or the Iron Gate, The Middle Gate, and Al Azab gate.

Info You Need Yo Know About The Citadel

  • The Entrance Fee for The Citadel of Saladin is 180 L.E.
  • The open hours for Sultan Hassan Mosque from 9 a.m; to 5 p.m.
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