Ramesseum Temple in Luxor
An architectural masterpiece, which is one of the most famous funerary temples in Egypt; Ramsseum Temple was built by King Ramses II in 1304-1207 BC. It was one of the masterpieces in Ancient Egyptian History. Let’s know why?
Ramses II wanted to immortalize his memory via eras and build a temple to show his greatness and his place among the ancient kings. That is why Ramesseum Temple includes between its sides these huge Ramesseum statues of King Ramses II that catch-all eyes and attractive decoration representing Ramses II with the god and his great battles.
Why the named it Ramesseum
However, he found himself narrating the nature of life in the Thirteenth Century BC period; so he gave history a gift in the form of walls were decorated with a number of accurate inscriptions and decorations that uncover more secrets about pharaonic life. That is why it is known that Ramesseum Temple where you find the pharaohs representing all their life, which will make you feel that you come back with the time to live in the Thirteenth century BC.
Ramesses II reigned at the height of ancient Egyptian power and glory, and thus the king’s astonishing wealth and popularity led to one of the largest and most impressive funerary temples, which was built during 20 years, while Ramesses II ruled 67 years.
The palace of millions of years, or “Khenmat Wast,” was its name as per the ancient Egyptians. But The Greeks called it “Memnonium,” as there is a huge statue of Ramses II built inside the temple; and they thought that it looks like the legendary Ethiopian hero Memnon Ibn Tethons and the dawn goddess Ayios.
About his recent name as Ramesseum Temple, the French scientist Champollion; He was The first to discover the ruins of Ramses II in 1829, called this name referring to Ramesses II. So, what is this great funerary temple look like from inside?
Ramesseum Temple Luxor From Inside
There is the main entrance at the pylon located on the eastern side, and it was decorated with inscriptions from scenes in the Battle of Kadesh and the Syrian wars. The left-wing of the pylon is the famous battle between Ramesses II and the Hittites. On the right part of the pylon, you will find inscriptions representing the 118 cities that Ramses II conquered during his military campaigns. Your suspense tour will begin at this site.
In the first courtyard, there is one row of columns; while in the second, there are two rows of columns of Osiris Ramses II, where the best statues can be found.
To the south of the second courtyard is a hall, but it is smaller in size with eight columns; It is called the hall of the ark, and on the western wall; there is a scene depicting Ramses II recorded on the tree of life by the god Thoth, to ensure a long and lasting life.
In the temple, there are remains of a massive statue of Ramses II, which was 57 feet high and at its feet; let our Egyptologist tour guide read to you what Ramses II had written thousands of years ago; as he said:”My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings: Look upon my works, my Mighty; ” You will be amazed when you look at these decorations yourself, as you will feel that Ramses II leave for you a message to read it today.
Ramsseum Temple Architectural and Decorations
The Ramesseum temple also contained the first arches in history. These arches were barrel-shaped and used to store funerary items and workers ’possessions, and were huge stores of grain and corn in ancient Egypt.
The temple is surrounded on all its sides by corridors and domed storerooms of mud bricks, in which there are some stone architectural elements, and in most cases, they were used to store grain, leather, clothes, wine, beer, and oil pots, and from them, it contained two rows of rooms, and it was believed that it belonged to priests and officials.
Do not miss to visit the western side that was dedicated to the God Amon Ra; there are the ruins of two vestibules that lead you to a library, linen room, and the badly-ruined sanctuary. To the south of the temple, you will be at the palace where Ramses II stayed during his visit to the site. It was a great mud break palace. After ending your time in the hospitality of Ramses II, complete your tour; still, there are more.
A surprise waits for you is in the south of this section; where you find the small Temple of Mern-Ptah, the successor of Ramses II. In 1896, the great Egyptologist, William Flinders Petrie, did extensive excavations at this place, and as a result of that, he found the “Israel Stella,” which is why it is believed that Mern-Ptah is very likely to be the Pharaoh mentioned in the Book Of Exodus.
Info You Need To Know About Ramesseum Temple
- The Ramesseum Temple is located on the western side of Luxor, in the city of Thebes.
- Working hours are daily from 6 in the morning until 6 in the evening.
- The entrance fee for the Ramesseum Temple is 60 LE.
- Hotels near to Ramesseum Temple
Amon Hotel is 2.7 mi / 4.3 km from The Ramesseum.
Alhambra Hotel is 2.5 mi / 4.1 km from the Ramesseum.
Memnon apartments are 24 minutes walk from the Ramesseum.