Pompey Pillar

Pompey Pillar

Pompey Pillar in Alexandria

How Did the Historical Eras in Egypt Unite To Contribute In Building The Tallest Memorial Globally, Pompey Pillar!

Pompey Pillar Alexandria Is A mystery of history!

Near the historical area, Kom el-Shoqafa plateau in Alexandria Egypt, you can see how the Alexandria people thank the Roman Emperor “Diocletian, by a majestic touch from the great history of Egypt.” They summoned their majestic history to build this majestic column in the sky of Alexandria Egypt. And their magnificent history is answered with rare stones and incredible inscriptions that uncover the secrets of the eras. It is the story of the largest memorial column in the world, Pompey Pillar Alexandria.

Why the Egyptians Built This One-Single Column To Accompany The Sky Of Alexandria Egypt  Since Roman Eras!

A serious revolt had taken place in Alexandria Egypt in the second half of the third century by the Roman commander Domitianus, nicknamed Achilles. This revolution was against the Roman ruler of Egypt during the reign of the Roman Emperor Diocletian. So, Diocletian came himself, and after eight months of resistance, Emperor surrounded it, and the revolt was thwarted.

Which caused famine. The Emperor ordered that a portion of the corn, which was sent to Rome annually, be given to the people of Alexandria.

Also, he dropped the taxes on Alexandria during this period. That was how Diocletian restored the calm, stability, and prosperity of the city. So, the Roman ruler, in cooperation with the people of Alexandria, built Pompey Pillar Egypt between 284-305 A.D as a sign of gratitude.

The majesty of this column will surprise you. Not just because of its towering rise. And that is why the Arabs called it the pillar of masts. Since it is the highest among 40 columns to resemble a ship masts pole. But you will be amazed also because of the inscription that will lead you to the secret of the contribution of the hand of Egyptian history with the hand of the people in Alexandria in establishing this one-single high column.

Live the Suspense Of Rising Up Colomn

From far, you can see Pompey Pillar clearly visible. And when you become near, you feel as if you are in a science fiction movie. And you are transformed into a little dwarf, whatever your size, standing in front of majestic heights. It is about 27m with a diameter at the base of 2.7m. And towards the top, it tapers to 2.3 m. So surely, you will ask how the builders carried its heavy stunning granite pieces. The weight of the single piece of red Aswan granite is estimated at 285 tons.

Pompey's Pillar Alexandria and Heliopolis Sphinxes

Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria and Heliopolis Sphinxes




The hands of the Alexandria people had not carried any stones. But their glorious history was standing by their side. So, it gave them rare stones from different ages to raise their hands to the sky of Alexandria, Egypt.

A group of stones of different shapes, dates, and inscriptions that the Pompey Pillar includes. These treasured stones will revive the history clearly in front of you again. As if you were living those ages. You will find a block of flint with the name of King Absmatic the First of the 26th Dynasty (663-609 BC).

Pompey Pillar Blocks

Block of flint with the name of King Absmatic the First of the 26th Dynasty (663-609 BC)


It will be astounded when seeing the block of flint that was set in the foundations of the column with an inscription of hieroglyphs bearing the name of King Seti the First of the 19th Dynasty (1318 -1208 BC.

Also at the base of the column, there was a piece was written on it in hieroglyphs (kept in the British Museum). On it is part of the name of King Senusret II or III, both of whom are kings of the Twelfth Dynasty.

Even the name of this column has a story far away from the reason for its establishment! why is this huge column named “Pompey Pillar?”

it is also another story that had been narrated about this column in the middle ages, as the Crusaders believed, mistakenly that the ashes, or the remains, of the great Roman general Pompey, was placed in a precious funerary urn and placed above the capital of the column. So, till today it is called “Pompey Pillar.”

From Sphinx Get A Wander Around the Roman Pillar, and Come Back To Thousands Of Years.

As a unique artifact, strong guards had to be set up to guard these historical treasures of unique stones. That is why these well-known ancient Egyptian guards, the Sphinx, were placed.  So, you will find besides the pillar, two sphinxes made of pink granite. One of which dates to the era of Ptolemy IV. And the other of gray granite without a head, dating to the era of Horemheb of the eighteenth dynasty.

From these sphinxes and around Pompey’s Pillar, you can enter the Roman period in Egypt. Since you will walk through a temple of the God Serapis “Serapium,” which was believed to be the protector of Alexandria during the Roman era. This temple was built in the Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III eras. But it was damaged due to the revolts of the Jewish population in Alexandria during the reign of Emperor Trajan (89-118 A.D). It was rebuilt again within the Hadrian era in (117-137 A.D).

Although it was destroyed again after the appearance of Christianity, there are still a lot of remains waiting for you to get you back through thousands of years. As it will be amazing when seeing or living more adventure by climbing some of its steps, as you will find a high platform accessed by a historical staircase of 100 steps. Climb as you can, and enjoy the same scene that the Romans had seen.

God Serapis in Serapium of Pompey Pillar

God Serapis in Serapium of Pompey Pillar

Once entering the two galleries there, which were cut into the rock, you will find the Anubidis welcomes you in its burial tomb for the mummies; Anubis was the god of death and mummification for the Greeks.

If you are passionate about adventure, you can climb the secret passages there in Pompey’s Pillar Egypt.

More Info You Need To Know About Pompey’s Pillar

You can enjoy all that at the open hours of Pompey’s Pillar from 9 a.m; to 5 p.m.

The entrance fee for Pompey’s Pillar is 60 M / 70 N.

Related FAQ

Who built Pompey's Pillar?

Publius praefectus aegypti

How tall is Pompeys Pillar?

The 51-acre Pompeys Pillar National Monument is located on the Yellowstone River's banks and features a huge sandstone outcrop that is 120 feet tall and extends toward Montana's Big Sky. Its base is covered by around 2 acres of sandstone.

How was Pompeys Pillar formed?

The pillar itself is made of sandstone from the late Cretaceous Hell Creek Formation, which dates from 75 to 66 million years old and rises 150 feet (45 metres) above the Yellowstone River.

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