Medinet Habu – Live the victories of Ramesses III and the Ancient Egyptians In Constructing Their Ships
Medinet Habu is where you live in the reign of Ramesses III, as all the details had been carved by the ancient Egyptian hands for thousands of years ago on the wall of this temple that is considered the greatest temple of the Twentieth Dynasty, so you will feel that you are in an open book about the ancient Egyptian civilization.
Ramesses III aimed to document his victories in Syria in details to commemorate via eras the period of his rule and his efforts in protecting the ancient pharaonic civilization. That is how Ramesses III invited all the visitors of Medinet Habu Temple to come back with the time to (1183 – 1152 BC).
“In front of you, above the Mountain of the Lord of Life, Medinet Habu was constructed of sandstone and black granite, its gates of gold and copper, its towers of stone reaching to the sky, decorated and carved in the name of the Majesty Ramesses III and the holy gods, and a wall was built around it, and a lake was dug in front of it that overflows with eternal water to plant trees and vegetables like the delta.” This is what King Ramses III said in the Harris Papyrus about the Medinet Habu Temple.
Military ships are waiting for you in Medinet Habu Temple that has been strongly constructed, while you see their launching strongly to the Shradan peoples to achieve their great victory, as well as the other naval campaign against Libya, which recorded another glory for the ancient Egyptian people, while the war goddess Sakhmet stands proud in the form of a woman carrying the head of a lioness, which indicates strength and ferocity
This temple is considered one of the largest temples dedicated to memorializing the kings in the modern state, as it includes a large area of 320 meters in length from east to west and 200 meters in width from north to south.
Temple or Castel?
It is the only fortified temple, and it is most likely that it was built in two stages; the first phase includes the temple itself with its annexes inside a rectangular wall, and the second phase probably began in the second half of the reign of Ramses III, and in this period the outer wall was built with its two large fortified gates in both the east and the west.
Between the two walls in the north and south, there are the houses of the priests and temple employees. The architects of Ramses III had built the outer wall that includes the temple of the Eighteenth Dynasty, and they also constructed a berth for ships in front of the fortified entrance on the eastern side.
They also dug a pool. Perhaps this applies to the text recorded by Ramses III in the Harris Papyrus on the Temple of Medinet Habu Temple.
The whole area of the temple was fenced off, as is the case in most Egyptian temples, with a huge mud-brick wall 17.7 meters high, preceded by another wall that is a stone wall with balconies up to 3.9 meters high. The wall took right angles at the northeastern and southeastern pillars, while the similar parts in the northwest and south were curved.
How Will the Tour Inside Medinet Habu Temple
When you go to the entrance on the southeastern side, you will find a gate that was surrounded on both sides by two guard rooms, to reach what is called the high gate of Ramses III, which is a unique building in Egypt. Ramses III ordered its construction in the style of the Syrian fortresses known as “Majdal,” which consists of two towers with balconies, with a gate in the middle, which represents the entrance to this sacred area.
The scene on the outer walls of this high gate represents King Ramses III beating the Asians in front of the god Ra Hor, the god of the city of Heliopolis, and another scene in which Ramses III beats the Asian prisoners also in front of the god Amun Ra, the god of Thebes.
In the corridor that is located between the two towers, you will find two black granite statues of the goddess Sekhmet, represented by the head of a lioness. On this corridor, you will see the scenes recorded on the two towers’ walls.
Live The Worship Events With Ramses III.
On the northern walls (to the right of the interior), we see scenes of King Ramses III while releasing incense and performing the purification process in front of the god Set And the goddess Nut and another theorist as he leads the Asian captives to the god Amun.
On the south wall (to the left of the interior), there are scenes representing King Ramses III with Amun Ra and the goddess Maat, and another scene as he leads the Libyan and Asian prisoners to Amun, and there are multiple views of the king in his religious relations with the gods and goddesses.
Then you will find a stairway that leads to the top of the pylon is seen on the north (right) tower, King Ramses III, in the red crown, with (The Ka), about to hit the heads of the prisoners in front of the god Ra Hor Akhti, who stands behind the god Osiris.
On the south (left) tower, the same scene repeats again, but he wears the white crown in front of the god Amun, along with the various war and religious texts and traditional scenes that represent the king in his various relationships with the gods and goddesses.
On the right wall, the scene that represents King Ramses III as he kneels in front of the sacred tree, followed by the god Jahuti and the goddess Seshat to record the king’s name on the leaves of the sacred tree, in front of the god Amun and god Ptah.
Ramses III Battles & Victories.
You will now enter the first courtyard, and its area is 33 meters x 42 meters, where you find four facades. Each one of these facades has a different design than the others. In the eastern facade, which is occupied by the pylon, there are views representing the Libyan wars of Ramses (in the eleventh year of his rule).
On the southern wall in which you will know the shape of the Libyans at that time with their beards, long hair, and a side tuft of hair, also you can note the mercenary soldiers of the Jordanians with their horned helmets and the Palestinians with their feathered hoods who were fighting with the Egyptians.
We see King Ramses III in his war chariot chasing the Libyans, and the scenes of Ramses III’s wars against the Libyans continue on the northern tower of the pylon.
Seven columns in the form of Ramses III in his Osirian image and next to his feet are two small statues of some of his family, and behind these columns, we see the king performing various religious rituals in front of each of Sakhmet, Amunun, and Ra`h Hor-Akhatti.
This is next to the scenes that represent him and with him, the royal fans and followers, followed by two rows of carriers Arches, and other scenes represent the king before the Triad of Thebes on his chariot.
As for the southern side, we see another eight papyrus columns, and behind them, we find the façade of the palace of Ramses III.
Coptic Christians in Madinet Habu Temple
The 2nd courtyard, with 42m long and 38m wide, was converted into a basilica during the early Christian times; in which you can see inscriptions representing religious ceremonies, especially the festival of the gods Sokker (also spelled Sokar) and Min. Other scenes represent the king, with the priests, making offerings to various gods.
The 1st Hypostyle is badly damaged, probably because of an earthquake that took place in 27 B.C; It contained 24 columns in 6 rows, surrounded by 16 chapels split evenly.
The right side’s four most important shrines were the first one, dedicated to King Ramses III, the second chapel, which was dedicated to the god Ptah, the fourth chapel, which was consecrated for the boat of the god Sokker, and the 7th chapel was dedicated to the sacred boat of the god Amon Ra.
Info You Need To Know About Medinet Habu Temple
- Medinet Habu Temple is located in the southwestern of Luxor, near the road connecting the tombs of the queens of ancient Egypt and the famous Colossi of Memnon.
- Daily work hours are from 6 am to 5 pm.
- The Entrance fee cost is 100 LE.