The pharaonic Anfushi Tombs in Alexandria, Egypt, are built on a spit of land that was originally an island named as Pharos Island and date back to roughly 250 BC.
Egypt has enough ancient sites to keep even the most ardent travelers occupied for several weeks, if not months. Every year, millions of tourists travel to Egypt to witness the world-famous pyramids, ancient temples, and numerous tombs that have survived to this day.
Where does one even start such a journey of discovery, with so many amazing sites to see? This is a difficult topic to answer, however if you are short on time, Alexandria in Egypt’s northwestern region would be an excellent destination to visit because it allows visitors to experience a variety of Egypt’s historical periods in one location.
While Alexandria offers many fascinating sites, a journey to the ancient pharaonic Anfushi Tombs is a must-do for any visitor.
The Anfushi Tombs were constructed in 250 BC, near the conclusion of the Ptolemaic period and just before the Roman conquest. As a result, both Greek and Roman influences can be found in the tombs. For example, while inside the tombs; you’ll witness Greek art, but also plenty of Roman influence, such as Sphinx statues and other such items.
The Anfushi Tombs are actually five separate tombs; yet they are all interconnected. The first tomb was discovered in 1901; with the next four tombs being discovered over the next several years; with the fifth tomb being discovered in 1921.
These five tombs are all below ground level. They’re basically subterranean graves fashioned out of limestone rock. The tombs can now be reached via the esplanade in front of the Ras El-Tin Palace.
Because the tombs were cut out of native limestone; they were later painted to look like they were made of marble and alabaster; which were extremely popular among the Greeks and Romans.
Each tomb has a similar design; with high vaulted ceilings, magnificent murals; and interesting frescos. One of the five tombs features a central courtyard with a hole carved out of the ceiling that provides a view of the sky above.