A Show From Historical Events Run In Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque! How Each Spot Flying You Through a Historical Era!
Amid 13 centuries of historical events and changes, walk through the antique designs of Amr Ibn Al-Aas mosque. Historical spectacular modifications are running above you, under your feet, and in front of you while you stand in the mosque courtyard. It is the history calling you amid its wonders to witness its facts by your own eye. How that!
Changes take you amid historical years. From a roof rectangular low shed of wood and palm leaves that based on columns of palm stems, stones, and mud bricks, and a ground of gravel to a marble floor, round marble columns with different magical capitals and rich, vibrant decoration, from gold and silver plating. And bright mosaic inscriptions, glass niches, and valuable chandeliers hanging from the ceiling. As well as the great muqarnas, and the charming Stalactites.
It is an architectural innovation that the history hands continued to establish in the land for 1300 years.
This first mosque in Cairo, the country of a thousand minarets, and not only Cairo or even Egypt, but it is the first mosque established in the entire continent of Africa, has become the source of inspiration for the vibrant Islamic art and the Islamic geometric patterns. So, it inspired the following charming historical mosques in Egypt with their rich and bright decorations.
The rulers of Egypt and the caliphs were racing to make modifications and expansions. So it became from an area of 29 m in length and 17 m in width to 120 m in length and 112 m in width.
Even On Your Way To This Mosque The History Will Be Surrounding You; How!
Walk around the magic of Amr Ibn Al-Aas mosque, finding that you are in the Babylon fortress embrace. While the historical city of Fustat surrounding you. That will be how the amazing Amr Ibn Al-Aas mosque tour. Every step will push you on a historical journey with magnificent events, starting even before its establishment in 641 AC.
The Story Of Building The 1st Mosque in Egypt In the Roman Fort Of Babylon Embrace!
On the coast of the Nile at its northeastern tip, Amr ibn al-Aas stood to announce the Islamic conquest of Egypt after beating the Romans in the Babylon fortress, this strong citadel that was built in the second century AD by order of the Roman Emperor Trajan.
From this moment, a new historical era begun in the cradle of civilization and the land of history, establishing Fustat City. This period came to create a new architectural art characterized by the vibrant decorations, vitality, and bright colors intertwined with the luster of silver and copper that hangs from the ceiling and the Mashrabiyas that enter the light to cast drawings on the floor. As if the light is drawing on the floor a painting. It is the Islamic era and its architecture.
Amr Ibn Al-Aas, before leaving Cairo on his way to Egypt capital in that time, the Ptolemaic and Roman Era, that was Alexandria, decided to take from this spot a new capital for Islamic Egypt. It locates in the north of the Roman fort of Babylon.
Amr Ibn Al-Aas mosque was the first structure set in the land of that city and the new capital of Egypt to be as a center for governance and a nucleus for advocacy of the Islamic religion in Egypt, taking a simple design, built of palm trunks, mud-brick, and palm leaves. Also, there was a well called “the Bustan,” It was used by worshipers for ablution and drinking.
However, innovations continued on this mosque; some events demolished it, and others rebuilt it with impressive engineering art.
How did the events have hands to destroy the mosque of Amr ibn al-Aas and another to build in it?
The mosque has witnessed many renovations and expansions throughout its history. The beginning was the era of Maslama bin Makhlad Al-Ansari, the governor of Egypt, as he resided there and built four minarets.
Then came other modifications during the reign of Qara bin Sharik, other governors of Egypt, which lasted between the years 709 to 715 AD. He built a hollow mihrab, a wooden pulpit, and a shrine.
While the most important expansions were in the reign of the governor Abdullah Ibn Taher during the 9th century, he added a new area on the southwest side. Until the area of the mosque reached 112 meters by 120 meters.
During the era of the Ikhshidid state, the decoration work increased, including gold and silver plating and mosaic inscriptions. Although the Al-Azhar Mosque was the official mosque of the Fatimid state, the Amr Mosque received attention, as they built it on 400 marble columns.
The mosque faced a fire, vandalism, and demolition due to a fire that broke out in the city of Fustat, which was set during the reign of the Caliph Al-Aadid Li-Din Allah the Fatimid. The Fatimids burned the city for fear that the French Expedition would seize it, so the mosque was demolished.
Less than four years later, Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi ruled Egypt. During his reign, he ordered the reconstruction of the mosque again. He built the remaining minarets and restored the charming decoration of the mosque. Also, he renovated the ceiling and covered the floor of the mosque with vibrant mats. Also, he provided the mosque with candelabras.
Then came the renovations that took place during the rule of the governor of Egypt, Murad Bey, the Mamluk state. He renewed the mosque roof and furniture.
Each adding has a unique touch in the mosque decoration to let you wander the charm of the decorations of the years. Then, how will your tour be inside the Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-Aas!
How The Crown Of The Mosques” Or the Antique Mosque, Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque Looks From Inside
Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque, titled the Crown of Mosques or the Antique Mosque, has eight doors. The dazzle of Amr Ibn Al-Aas mosque begins from its facades. To witness serrated pyramidal balconies located as wonderful crowns outside the mosque.
The journey in the history embrace starts to enter one of Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque gates. Walk on the added marble arriving at the wide-open courtyard. A spectacular dome based on eight round marble columns. They will attract you to come close to its magic in the center of the mosque. At this spot, Four halls with simple wooden ceilings send breezes of history surrounding you.
Historical marble columns with different capitals on which these halls are based. These columns are in the style of Roman and Greek columns. At this point, you will realize that you are amid diversity in decoration and architecture. That makes history as if it were a wave while you are walking on it, moving from the architecture of a historical period to another.
The charm of the largest hall will invite you; it is called the Qibla hall. It seems that there is a dazzle inside it. To stand in front of a wonderful wooden pulpit and two paintings that tell you secrets from the Mamluk era. In the northeastern corner, there is a mausoleum dome dating back to Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-Aas.
Wander and cross through the mosque floor that the light paints on it marvelous shapes. As the mosque has old windows decorated with stucco decorations. They reflect light on the ground in a wonderfully creative way.
While launching in this great history, you will meet a fantastic minaret with a conical top. Here and there, you will find the art of architecture that narrates a story about the rulers of Egypt in the historical periods.