The Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum

Uncover Egypt’s Timeless Allure at the Cairo Antiquities Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo in Tahrir Square is Africa’s most significant and oldest museum. Moreover, it is regarded as the oldest museum in the Middle East and one of the most well-designed buildings in Cairo and Tahrir Square. It holds all Pharahonic arts and monuments with over 100 exhibition halls. The Egyptian Museum, established in 1935 as the Bulaq Museum, then moved to Cairo, Tahrir Square, in 1902. The French architect Marcel Dourgnon won the museum’s design with the chosen company for the construction, Giuseppe Garozzo and Francesco Zaffrani. Marcel Dourgnon designed the museum with a neoclassic style, which was popular in Europe then. The design of the

The Egyptian Museum is one of the most important repositories of ancient Egyptian history. The museum holds more than 120,000 items, including the treasures of Tutankhamun, which are the most famous and valuable discoveries in the modern day. Furthermore, the museum plays a vital role in the information it offers if you are interested in the ancient civilization of Egypt. You will find resources for historians, archaeologists, and researchers. Since the museum’s establishment, it has attracted tourists from around the globe.

Ancient Egyptian Statue the Luxor Museum in Luxor, Egypt

1. Design and Structure of The Egyptian Museum

Marcel Dourgnon, The Architect of this Masterpiece

Marcel Dourgnon, a French architect, was behind the idea of the design of the Egyptian Museum. Finding the right design for the Egyptian museum was a competition between many countries. Still, due to his deep understanding of architectural design and function, Marcel Dourgnon could win and cooperate with Giuseppe Garozzo and Francesco Zaffrani to help in the construction. Dourgnon was selected through a competition organized by the Egyptian government. The primary purpose was to create a grand and suitable home for such valuable antiquities. His design stood out of the crowd for its elegance, practicality, and ability to show off the actual value of Egyptian history through time.

Neoclassical Influences in the Museum’s Design

The main thing that Dourgnon relied on when presenting his design was neoclassical architecture, a popular style in Europe. Additionally, this style is characterized by its symmetry and use of classical Greek and Roman elements. With this popular style, the museum’s authoritative appearance makes it a beautiful building. The Egyptian Museum’s design conveys lasting dignity, making it fitting to protect valuable historical antiques.

Key Features of the Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum is notable for several key architectural features:

  1. The Grand Entrance: the main entrance is a big doorway that the visitors will see when approaching. There will be two giant statues decorated above them.
  2. Big Rooms: the inside contains broad areas with a high ceiling for huge things and comfortable moving.
  3. Middle Areas: A central area is a centerpiece, helping guests navigate easily.
  4. Sunlight Entry: Windows and glass roofs allow sunlight to illuminate the insides, emphasizing the looks of displayed items.
  5. Sturdiness: Built strongly with good stuff and methods to keep valuable things safe.

The interior of Museum of Egyptian Antiquities with tourists admiring pharao Akhenaten worshiping sun

2. What You Will Find Inside Of The Egyptian Museum

The Tutankhamun exhibit

This is so popular with all the searchers, specifically those interested in ancient Egyptian history. This Exhibit shows the fantastic treasures of the young pharaoh Tutankhamun. The young Paharoh’s tomb was discovered by Howard Carter in 1922. ِAdditionally, what was found in this tomb indicates that Tutankhamun was about to be one of the greatest pharaohs ever. The tomb includes a gold death mask, fancy jewelry, and beautifully made chariots and furniture. Lastly, this great Exhibit shows the luxury and art of ancient Egyptian royalty.

Statues and Sculptures

The Egyptian Museum has an extensive collection of statues and sculptures from many different periods. In addition, these include giant statues of pharaohs, gods, and goddesses; one of these great pharaohs was the statue of Khafre, who built the second pyramid at Giza. Additionally, the Statue of Khafre is made from a dark rock called diorite, and the statue is (1,46m), which shows how great he was despite the parts lost from the statue.

Mummies and Funerary Items

Collecting mummies and other burial items gives a deep understanding of the ancient Egyptians’ belief in the afterlife. You will find a collection of mummies from all classes, from nobles, pharaohs, and much more. Notably, you will find more beautifully decorated coffins and Canopic jars used to store organs during the Mummification process and other things believed to be taken with the dead on their journey to the afterlife.

Jewellery and Daily Life Artifacts

The museum also has a wide range of ancient Jewelry and Daily Life Artifacts. Some of the jewellery-made necklaces, rings, and bracelets are made of gold and precious stones. These artifacts highlight the skill and artistry of ancient Egyptian artisans and connect us to the people of the past.

Statues and Sculptures, Mummies and Funerary Items, and The Tutankhamun exhibit

3. Highlights of the Egyptian Museum

The Rosetta Stone Replica

The original Rosetta Stone is a slab of a dark grey granodiorite discovered in Egypt in 1799. Moreover, The Rosetta Stone has three scripts engraved: Greek, Egyptian Hieroglyphic, and Demotic (a simplified form of Egyptian script). The slab is about 1.14 meters in height and holds a great value of information written on it. The Rosetta Stone was made in 196 BC during the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt in the era of the king  Ptolemy V Epiphanes. The bottom of the stone was written in Ancient Greek.

Additionally, the actual color of the Rosetta Stone is not black. 1801, after the French Pierre-François Bouchard discovered it, the stone was surrendered to the English troops. The Rosetta Stone’s surface was covered with a layer of carnauba wax to make it more legible and protect it from visitor’s fingers. The natural color of The Rosetta Stone is dark grey, with a pink line across the top left corner.

Rare Finds in The Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo has many discoveries from different eras and ages. The museum holds many valuable things such as:

  1. Tutankhamun’s Meteoric Iron Dagger: it is a dagger made of meteoric iron, its rarity especially those sourced from outer space was highly valued and used in everyday objects.
  2. The Narmer Palette: The famous Narmer the united of Upper and Lower Egypt. Moreover, the ancient Palette dates back to the early dynastic period of Eygpt around 3100 BCE. It is one of the earliest historical records in the world.
  3. Statue of Djoser: The limestone statue of Pharaoh Djoser, from the Third Dynasty (circa 2670 BCE). The Pharaoh Djoser was the one who built the Step Pyramid at Saqqara. Notably, Imhotep was the chief architect of Pharaoh Djoser, Imhotep made the design of the step pyramid under the supervision of  Djoser.
  4. Khufu Statuette: The Khufu Statuette is a small figure representing the Pharaoh Khufu. Additionally, King Khufu is the builder of the first Great Pyramid of Giza. This small statute is what was left of the king, which makes it an invaluable thing for understanding ancient Egyptian history.
  5. The Dendera Zodiac: The Dendera Zodiac is a ceiling relief from the Hathor Temple at Dendera, it shows the night sky of ancient Egyptians and their advanced knowledge of astronomy. It includes detailed depictions of the 12 zodiac signs, which are similar to the ones used in Western astrology today.

4. Visiting the Egyptian Museum

Location and Accessibility

The museum is located in Cairo, Egypt and this central location makes it very easy for any visitor to visit the museum. Moreover, visitors can get to the museum via many ways or transportation, like the Cairo Metro. Additionally, there are numerous buses and taxis service the area and parking facilities nearby for those driving.

Tickets and Entry Fees

The Egyptian Museum has an admission fee that differs based on visitor categories. Standard tickets are available for adults, while students with valid IDs can purchase tickets at a reduced rate. There are occasionally special rates for groups or local residents. The Egyptian Museum provides separate tickets for specific exhibits like the Royal Mummy Room, which require an extra payment. For current rates, seasonal deals, and potential discounts, it’s recommended to visit the museum’s official website or contact the ticket office directly.

Tips for Visitors

  1. Arrive Early: To avoid large crowds and have a more enjoyable experience, plan to arrive early in the morning when the museum opens.
  2. Plan Your Visit: The museum is vast, with thousands of artifacts on display. It’s helpful to prioritize the exhibits you want to see, such as the Tutankhamun exhibit or the Rosetta Stone replica.
  3. Take a Guided Tour: Consider hiring a guide or joining a guided tour to gain deeper insights into the history and significance of the exhibits.
  4. Stay Hydrated: Cairo can be very hot, so bring a water bottle and stay hydrated, especially if you plan to explore the area around the museum.
  5. Respect the Artifacts: Do not touch the exhibits and follow all museum rules and guidelines to help preserve these priceless treasures for future generations.
  6. Photography: Check the museum’s policy on photography. Some areas may allow photos without flash, while others may restrict it entirely.
  7. Souvenirs and Refreshments: The museum has a gift shop where you can buy souvenirs and books. There are also cafes and restaurants nearby for refreshments before or after your visit.
  8. Security Checks: Be prepared for security checks at the entrance. Carry only essential items to expedite the process.

By adhering to these suggestions, visitors can optimize their experience at the Egyptian Museum and immerse themselves in Egypt’s ancient history.


To sum up, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo shows how the ancient Egyptians were so amazing and creative in their time. Moreover, the museum is packed with old things and it lets people and visitors see what daily life was like back then along with cool stuff owned by leaders. Young and old can enjoy learning here. By keeping these historic items secure, the museum helps everyone understand human history and encourages us to explore even more in the future. Simply, the Egyptian Museum connects us to our roots while teaching us about the past in a lively manner.

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