Giza pyramds

Giza pyramds

Giza Pyramids

The Giza Pyramids are the most important historical evidence about the ancient Egyptian civilization. The site is a UNESCO world heritage site for tourists as well as for historians. 

The Giza Necropolis also known as the Giza Pyramid complex, consists of three great pyramids and the Great Sphinx of Giza along with the associated pyramids. 

The location of this site is on the Giza Plateau, Greater Cairo in Egypt. 

The three famous pyramids are:

  • Great Pyramid king Cheops
  • Pyramid of Khafre
  • Pyramid of Menkaure

Great Pyramid of Giza

This Giza Pyramid was constructed during 2600 BCE. This was made of mainly limestone, mortar, and granite. According to historians, the pyramid was constructed as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. 

The height of this pyramid is around 146.6 m (481 ft). The pyramid is massive with a volume of 2.6 million m3, a base of 230.33 m (756 ft).  The ancient name of this Pyramid was Akhet Khufu or Khufu’s horizon. 

Pyramid of Khafre

This pyramid is the second tallest and second-largest among the great three pyramids. The ancient name for this pyramid was Wer Khafre. This was also constructed during the 4th Dynasty (2570 BCE). 

The recorded height of the pyramid is 136.4 meters (448 ft) while the base is 215.25 meters. This pyramid was robbed during the first intermediate period. The pyramid was first explored during modern times of 1818, and the completed exploration was done in the year 1837 by John Perring. 

Pyramid of Menkaure

This tomb was built for the purpose of serving as a tomb to the pharaoh Menkaure. This pyramid is the smallest among the three main pyramids of Giza. It is located on the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, on the Giza Plateau. 

It is estimated to have been constructed during 2510 BC. It is composed of Limestone, core red granite, and casing. Its height is 65 meters tall, while the base and the volume is 102.2 by 104.6 meters and

235,183 cubic meters respectively.

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