King Thutmose III Family
He was the son of Thutmose II by a secondary wife, Iset she was not from royal blood. He married Neferu his half-sister to be able to take the throne because she was daughter of Queen Hatshepsut.
King Thutmose Family
After the death of King Thutmose II. Thutmose III was too young to rule. After being named as his regent and subsequently co-regent, Hatshepsut declared herself to be pharaoh, never reneging on Thutmose III’s kingship. Hatshepsut, who nominally occupied Thutmose III’s throne, presided over the empire for the most part. She governed for a very long time, and the era was incredibly prosperous. When Thutmose III was old and strong enough, she appointed him to lead her army. He is aware that she would kill him if he did anything. He enlisted in the army and prepared for her demise. After her passing, he assumed control of the country.
King Thutmose III Reign
King Thutmose III was an effective ruler, He oversaw Egypt’s 54-year history. He also included the 21 years when Hatshepsut the queen presided over Egypt. He made 17 profitable camping trips around Egypt.
King Thutmose III’s titles He held the title of Napoleon of the East
King Thutmose III Achievements
Thutmose III Achievements at Karnak Temple
He restored some areas which built by his father. He built 6th and 7th pylons, erected two granite obelisks, made a victory stela made out of granite for military expedition victory, Also he recording his 17 campaigns on the wall near the sanctuary called annals of battles
King Thutmose III built the festival hall at Karnak. It was a very important hall. Because it was decorated with scenes. Some of them depicting the renewal of his kingship. At the end of hall there is small hall known as Botanical garden
He was the first king introduce the chicken and pomegranates to Egypt
He built two bark chapels, one from granite and the second one from alabaster.
Thutmose III Achievements Memphis
He built two temples there the small one for god Amen-re and the great one for his father
Military Development in the reign of Thutmose III
He was the first king who divided the army into 3 parts. Heart and two wings. Thutmose III was the first king who planned before the battle. He used to start the expeditions during summer and end by winter. As well as he used the sudden techniques
Military Expedition and camping of King Thutmose III
Thutmose III was leaded 17 successful military campaigns in 20 years. He ordered the details of his victories to be inscribed at the Temple of Amun at Karnak, They are considered the most extensive records of ancient Egyptian military campaigns extant. His first is his most famous – The Battle of Megiddo. And are given with less detail, Appearing more as lists of spoils than narratives of the king’s victories.
The Story of the Battle of Megiddo
According to the ancient Egyptian chronicle, the fight took place in Year 23 of Thutmose III’s reign on the 21st day of the first month of the third season. He started his expedition in summer and End in winter
Their deed caused the protracted Siege of Megiddo. Thutmose III quickly assembled his army and entered the city from Thebes. They did something that led to the drawn-out Siege of Megiddo. Quickly assembling his army, Thutmose III approached the city from Thebes. In ten days, the army covered 150 kilometers, resting in Gaza for a break before moving on to Yehem, where He stopped to speak with his best aides. There were three ways to travel to Megiddo from the nearby village of Aruna: a narrow pass that required the army to march in single file, and two additional, bigger roadways that would allow for speedier and easier movement. The generals claimed to have knowledge that the enemy was waiting for them at the end of the narrow pass and that the journey would be difficult and prolonged, with the vanguard reaching the battle area before the rearguard.
Thutmose III heeded their advice while disagreeing with their reasoning. According to the narrative of the fight kept by his military scribe Tjaneni, He addressed his officers. Let anyone of you who wishes arrive in my majesty’s following, and let anyone of you travel along the routes you mention! Has his majesty changed his course because he is afraid of us? The generals immediately bowed to Thutmose III’s authority and addressed his army.
In this place, I will not permit my victorious army to advance before my majesty! He urged them to go quickly along the congested route and assured them that he would take the lead. Dismantling and moving the chariots and carts allowed the men to lead the horses in a single line through the pass and into the Qina Valley by Megiddo.
No adversary was waiting for them when they arrived. The alliance had forces ready to defend at both locations because it had been predicted that he would choose one of the simpler routes. He benefited from the element of surprise because he decided to take the harder route. However, He was unable to launch an immediate attack since the majority of his army was still stranded along the Aruna pass. The rearguard would have to march for more than seven hours to catch up with their king.
Thutmose III benefited from the element of surprise. He decided to take the harder route. He was unable to launch an immediate attack since the majority of his army was still stranded along the Aruna pass. The rearguard would have to march for more than seven hours to catch up with their king.
Battle of Qadesh horses.
He made camping towards Qadesh. because of there is a revelation. So he sent a military expedition towards them and he returned back with 894 chariots. 2000 horses. And 2500 animals. As well as the gold, silver, wood, incense, ebony, and ivory
King Thutmose III tomb
The tomb of king Thutmose III has a number (K.V34). It was famous because it was decorated with a complete chapter of the book of the dead. King Thutmose III mummy was discovered in Deir el Bahari cache.
The tomb considers being a map of the disease in his journey to the underworld.