King Cheops (2589-2566 BC) was the pharaoh who erected the Great Pyramid of Giza during the 4th Dynasty (2613-2498 BC). The Great Pyramid was once 481 feet (146.6 metres) tall. The name Khufu is the actual ancient Egyptian name for this monarch. As evidenced by his own cartouche. Despite his being known as Cheops (and also Suphis) due to the late Greek influence on Egypt. He was in power for around 24 years.
Despite the Great Pyramid’s prominence, nothing is known about Khufu, the man who built it. Surprisingly, only a little 9 cm statue of this historic king has been discovered. This statue, depicted above and below. Was discovered to the south of Giza, near the pyramid, at the Temple of Osiris at Abydos, the ancient necropolis.
Khufu is said to have led military expeditions into Sinai, as well as attacks into Nubia and Libya, according to numerous inscriptions.
Khufu was the son of King Sneferu, another famous pyramid builder. Hetepheres was Khufu’s mother’s name.
Are khufu and Cheops the same person?
Khufu was the second king of the Old Kingdom of Egypt’s Fourth Dynasty. Khnum Khufu (“protected by Khnum”) was his full title. He was recognized to the Greeks as Cheops, but Manetho dubbed him Suphis.
What was king Cheops known for?
Khufu, Greek Cheops, was the second pharaoh of Egypt’s 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. 2465 bce) and the architect of the Great Pyramid at Giza (see Pyramids of Giza), the world’s largest single structure at the time.
Pyramid of King Cheops
The Great Pyramid, the tallest of Giza’s 3 major pyramids, was completed by Khufu and stands 146 meters tall (481 feet). Humans did not build anything higher than the Great Pyramid till 1221 C.E. when the steeple of Old St. Paul’s Cathedral in London was completed and surpassed at 149 meters (489 feet)—at least till the steeple crumbled less than 350 years later.
The Great Pyramid is amazing not only because of its height but also because of the precision with which it was conceived and built. With a foundation length of more than 230 meters (750 feet) per side, the biggest length variation between the four edges of the pyramid is only 4.4 centimeters (1 34 inches), and the foundation is level within 2.1 centimeters (less than an inch). Even with current equipment, this is an incredible achievement that would be difficult to duplicate today.
Construction: inner core stones, and outer casing stones:
The pyramid is expected to contain 2,300,000 blocks, some weighing up to 50 tonnes. Khufu’s pyramid is made up of inner, rough-hewn, locally quarried core stones. (which are all that can be seen today) and sloped, outer casing blocks placed in even horizontal courses with spots filled with gypsum plaster, similar to the pyramids established by his predecessor Snefru and those that proceeded on the Giza plateau.
The delicate exterior casing stones, which have subsequently been removed, were meticulously set. These pieces of white Tura limestone would have provided a flat surface to the pyramid, as well as being exceedingly dazzling and reflective. A capstone, described as a pyramidion, would have stood at the very top of the pyramid, and may be covered in gold. This brilliant point, gleaming in the bright sunlight, would have been apparent from a long way away.
Interior of the Pyramid
Khufu’s pyramid’s internal rooms and corridors are one-of-a-kinds, with a number of mysterious peculiarities. There’s an incomplete subterranean chamber with an unknown function; as well as several ‘air shafts’ that extend out from the higher levels.
Boats for the afterlife
Seven enormous boat holes were also part of Khufu’s mortuary complex. Five of these were used as a model and are placed to the east of the pyramid. These brick-lined boat-shaped features were most likely designed to take the king to celestial regions in the afterlife. Boat graves had a long history in royal funeral contexts—a fleet of 14 such pits were unearthed at a Dynasty 1 mortuary enclosure at Abydos. Egypt’s oldest kings’ graveyard, with real wooden boats averaging 18-19 meters (60 ft) in length enclosed inside. However, in many cases, such as with Khufu, the trenches were essentially boat-shaped mockups rather than genuine boats.
The founder of the Great Pyramid of Giza, King Khufu (known to the Greeks as Cheops), is depicted in this statue. Strangely, this 7.5cm tall figurine is the only known contemporaneous three-dimensional representation of this ruler. The head was gone when it was found. Sir Flinders Petrie, cognizant of the significance of the discovery, ordered a hunt for the lost head, which was eventually located three weeks later.