King Akhenaton Life and Facts
He was son of king Amenhotep III and Tiye. He married Nefertiti and give birth to 6 daughters from her. (1- Meret-aten; 2- Meket-aten; 3- Ankh-es-en-pa-aten; 4- Nefer-neferu –Aten; 5- Nefer-neferu-re; 6- Step-n-re-mret-aten). He married another wife called Kiye and give birth to (Tutankhamen ). King Akhenaton ruled for 21 years in 18th dynasty. He was appointed as a coregent with his father in 28th reignal year of Amenhotep III. They ruled together for around 10 years and also under supervision of his mother queen Tiye. Here we list The most important info about the founder of monotheism. King Akhenaton Facts and Life. His accomplishments, Akhenaton’s wife Queen Nefertiti, his son and Family.
Around 1380 BC, Akhenaten was born in Egypt. He was King Amenhotep III’s second son. Akhenaten took over as Egypt’s crown prince after the passing of his elder brother. He learned how to rule Egypt while growing up in the royal palace.
The religious principles Akhenaten upheld in his adoration of the Aton are not explicitly stated anywhere. He was the first ruler to establish monotheism in Egypt, where everyone worshipped the same deity, Aton. The iconography of the temple reliefs and stelae show him with his deity. As well as the one lengthy religious text from Tell el-Amarna. The Aton Hymn; Which was preserved in a number of private tombs, must be used to recreate them.
Traditional offering customs would call for Akhenaten to be shown face-to-face with his deity in the numerous. Offering scenes from Karnak and Tell el-Amarna that have survived. Instead, Akhenaten is shown making offerings to Aton in form of a solar disk. Which bathes him in its rays.
Aton is portrayed as the sun’s corporeal incarnation yet. His name is nonetheless inscribed within cartouches—a distinction more often associated with monarchy than with divinity. He is referred to as “one who is in his jubilee”—a celebration typically reserved for monarchs. In Akhenaten’s religion, the main deity has no mouth to speak. Reciprocal dialogues between king and divinity—which frequently feature in conventional temple scenarios and legitimize the blessings delivered by the gods—are not possible. Thus, the names and titles of the Aton and Akhenaten and his family, who are frequently depicted together on offering stelae from private villas, are the only names and titles found in temple texts.
The revolution in art in his reign
King Akhenaton of the 18th dynasty developed the innovative Egyptian art form known as the Amarna style. Even though it was only temporary, Akhenaton significantly altered ancient Egypt’s artistic and religious life. A new religion based on the veneration of Aton, or the sun’s disc, which Akhenaton exalted above all other gods in the Egyptian pantheon, was the focus of his innovations.
The Amarna style refers to the aesthetic elements that Akhenaton used to decorate the Aton temples and other structures throughout his reign, both in Karnak and at his new city of Akhetaton (Tell el-Amarna). He also transitioned art from idealism to realism, being the first king to do so. The human body was shown in sculpture and wall relief using a novel artistic style.
The body itself featured a slender, attenuated neck, sloped shoulders, a big paunch, large hips and thighs, and very spindly legs, while the faces were shown with a drooping jaw, noticeable facial folds, and tiny, slitted eyes. The princesses’ skulls are frequently shown as being incredibly extended. It has been suggested that these traits are a lifelike representation of Akhenaton’s own bodily deformation, possibly brought on by sickness, although none of these explanations have proven to be particularly compelling. The god Aton was the painted that was sunk the most, followed by the royal family and then the nobles. At the time the paint was sunk, it was a significant figure.
1-He built a temple for God Aton on the eastern side of Karnak, he used (Tlatat stone ) in his building because it was lightweight stone, one man can carry 2 blocks or more
2- in the 5th reign considered a transitional year in his life, he started his new cult, he change the capital from Thebes to( Akhet aten ) which means ( the horizontal of Aton) nowadays near (Tell el Amarna), he change his name from Amenhotep VI to Akhenaton.
He was not interested in the made a military expedition, he was interested in making buildings, temples, and close temples of other gods, but he made a military expedition towards Nubia to put down the revelation there during the 12th year of his reign.
Royal tomb of Akhenaton
It’s tomb number 21 it was full of different scenes. The human body was shown in sculpture and wall relief using a novel artistic style. The bodies themselves featured a slender, attenuated neck, sloped shoulders, a big paunch, large hips and thighs, and very spindly legs, while the faces were shown with a drooping jaw, noticeable facial folds, and tiny, slitted eyes.
The princesses’ skulls are frequently shown as being incredibly extended. It has been suggested that these traits are a lifelike representation of the fact of Akhenaton’s own bodily deformation, possibly brought on by sickness, although none of these explanations have proven to be particularly compelling. The god Aton was the painted that was sunk the most, followed by the royal family and then the nobles. At the time the paint was sunk, it was a significant figure. Probably his mummy was not found in this tomb and found in tomb 55 in the valley of the kings
After King Akhenaton Death
After Akhenaten’s death, Egypt returned to the worship of the old gods, and the name and image of Akhenaten were erased from his monuments in an effort to wipe out the memory of his ‘heretical’ reign. In January 1907, the British archaeologist Edward Ayrton discovered another tomb in the Valley of the Kings. This tomb, KV55, is located just to the south of the tomb of Ramses IX, very close to the famous tomb of Tutankhamen. KV55 is small, uninscribed, and undecorated; but despite its simplicity, it has great historical value, because it is also connected with the royal family of El-Amarna.
A flight of 21 stairs leads down to the entrance, which Ayrton found blocked with limestone. Necropolis seal: a jackal perched atop nine arrows, signifying Egypt’s old adversaries. A corridor beyond the entryway was partially filled with debris. The blockage may have been opened and then resealed in the past, but the archaeologists discovered that it was still stamped with limestone and led to a rectangular burial room with a wooden coffin that was gilded and inlaid. This coffin contained a severely decomposed mummy that was essentially just a skeleton. The cartouches (oval rings with royal names), which previously identified the owner and covered the lower third of the coffin’s gilded mask, had been ripped off, leaving the remains