Ahmose I, was the 18th dynasty’s founder and king of ancient Egypt. He finished the Hyksos’ (Egypt’s Asian overlords). And restored Egypt’s dominance over northern Nubia to the south. Early in his reign, Ahmose resumed the liberation battle against the Hyksos. Get to know about King Ahmose Family, Life, and death.
Routing the foreigners’ allies in Middle Egypt and moving down the Nile River to seize Memphis. The ancient Egyptian capital, is close to modern-day Cairo.
He launched a maritime operation against Avaris.
The Hyksos capital, in the eastern delta, followed by a land siege while his mother Queen Ahhotep. It served as his representative in Thebes (part of which is now occupied by modern Luxor). He hurried upriver to put an end to the uprising when it broke out in Upper Egypt, with Ahhotep assisting in its containment.
The Theban Seventeenth Dynasty was the ancestor of Ahmose. Ahmose Family was at least twelve children, including Seqenenre Tao and Ahhotep I, who were born to his paternal grandparents Senakhtenre Ahmose and Tetisheri. Ahmose I continued his father’s practice by wedding several of his sisters, elevating Ahmose-Nefertari to the position of his primary spouse. Their offspring included boys Siamun, Ahmose-ankh, Amenhotep I, and Ramose as well as daughters Meritamun and Sitamun.
They might have also been Mutnofret’s parents, as she would later marry Thutmose I as a successor. Ahmose-ankh was supposed to be Ahmose’s heir apparent, but between Ahmose’s 17th and 22nd regnal year, he passed away. Instead, Ahmose was succeeded by Amenhotep I, the oldest living son, with whom he may have briefly shared a coregency.
Between the 17th and 18th dynasties, there was no definite interruption in the line of the royal family. The historian Manetho believed that the final expulsion of the Hyksos after nearly a century and the restoration of native Egyptian control over the entire land were big enough events to justify the beginning of a new dynasty. Manetho wrote during the Ptolemaic Kingdom, which was much later.
King Ahmose Achievements
After nearly 30 years of sporadic hostilities. The struggle between the local monarchs of Thebes and the Hyksos. King Apepi had begun under the rule of Ahmose’s father, Seqenenre Tao, and would be resolved during his own reign. Avaris (modern Tell el-Dab’a). The capital of the Hyksos, was invaded and raided by Kamose, who was thought to be Ahmose’s older brother.
Seqenenre Tao may have died in a conflict with the Hyksos, as his severely wounded mummy gruesomely reveals, and his successor Kamose. King Kamose was replaced by Ahmose I after what appears to have been a brief reign because his highest reported regnal year is year 3. About ten years later, Apepi passed away. When Ahmose was still a kid, his mother Ahhotep took the throne. until he reached adulthood, and served as regent.
She effectively solidified the Theban power foundation in the years prior to Ahmose assuming full authority, according to some of the descriptions of her regal functions while in power, including the generic epithet “carer for Egypt.” Since Apepi II’s name does not appear on any monuments or artifacts south of Bubastis, it is assumed that he stayed sequestered in the delta during Ahhotep’s reign if Apepi II was indeed his successor.
Conquest of the Hyksos
Approximately in the eleventh year of Khamudi’s rule, Ahmose launched the conquest of Lower Egypt, which the Hyksos had been holding onto. The exact order of the events in disputed. It is very challenging to analyze the conquest’s events before the Hyksos city of Avaris was besieged. Nearly all information is derived from a brief but invaluable military commentary on the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, which was composed of a brief journal.
Regnal year 11, the second month of Shomu, Heliopolis was entered, according to one of the entries. On day 23 of the first month of Akhet, this southern ruler invaded Tjaru.
Despite the fact that the Rhind papyrus document refers to Ahmose by the less honorific title of “Prince of the South” rather than king or pharaoh, as a Theban supporter of Ahmose would have called him unquestionably, it is now thought that this regnal year date actually refers to Ahmose’s Hyksos rival Khamudi. Kim Ryholt’s 1997 work, The Political Situation in Egypt.
King Ahmose Invasions to Delta
The Second Intermediate Period, c.1800-1550 BC, was reviewed by Anthony Spalinger in JNES 60 (2001). translation of the middle portion of the Rhind text chronicling. Ahmose’s invasion of the Delta reads instead as the “1st month of Akhet, 23rd day. He-of-the-South (i.e. Ahmose) strikes against Sile.
Spalinger stresses in his review that he does not question Ryholt’s translation of the Rhind text but instead queries if the Ashmolean Museum’s copper axe blade bears the inscription of Pharaoh Ahmose I. Is it fair to anticipate that literature with a Theban focus would depict its Pharaoh in this way? Because the scribe had to have been a follower of Ahmose if the date is referring to him.
The highly ambiguous allusion to Ahmose seems to many to point to a supporter of the Hyksos dynasty; as a result, the regnal years should apply to this ruler rather than the Theban.
He arrived in Heliopolis in July and proceeded down the eastern delta; completely avoiding Avaris, to take Tjaru, the main frontier fortification on the Horus Road; the route from Egypt to Canaan, in October.
He stopped all travel between Canaan and Avaris by capturing Tjaru.
King Ahmose and the Hyksos
It is clear from this that he intended to blockade Avaris, keeping the Hyksos capital cut off from aid or supplies coming from Canaan. On the tomb walls of a participating soldier, Ahmose, son of Ebana, records of the campaign’s latter stages were found. According to these documents, Ahmose I directed three assaults against the Hyksos city of Avaris. But he also had to put down a minor uprising in southern Egypt.
After a three-year siege, he finally overcame the Hyksos by taking their fortress Sharuhen near Gaza. At the latest, in his 18th or 19th year of rule, Ahmose would have conquered Avaris. The graffiti in the Tura quarry reads “oxen from Canaan. Were use to open the quarry in Ahmose’s regnal year 22 suggests as much. Given that the cattle would have likely be brought following Ahmose’s siege of the town of Sharuhen. Which came after the fall of Avaris. The reign of Khamudi would have come to an end by Year 18 or 19, at the very latest.
Mummy of king Ahmose I
The mummy of King Ahmose was found in Deir el Bahary cache. it was in Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut.
Ahmose I’s mummy was found in 1881.
He was buried beside the mummies of Amenhotep I; Thutmose I, II, III, Ramesses I, Seti I, Ramesses II, and Ramesses IX. As well as the pharaohs of the 21st dynasty, Pinedjem I, Pinedjem II, and Siamun.