Egypt Cuisine

Egypt Cuisine

All About Egypt Cuisine Facts

In fact, Egypt Cuisine makes heavy use of legumes, vegetables, and fruit from the Nile Valley. Examples of Egyptian cuisine include rice-stuffed vegetables, hummus, falafel, shawarma, kebab, ful medames, koshary, and molokhiya.

Here are 8 must-try dishes when visiting Egypt.

Baba ghanoush

Baba ghanoush is a smoky eggplant-based dip, commonly eaten throughout the country.


Hummus is a popular staple in the Middle East of mashed chickpea, which is also popular in the Mediterranean.


Duqqa is a mixture of nuts, herbs, and spices ground into a kind of dip. You can find duqqa mixtures in spice markets. Baba ghanoush and hummus are not specific Egyptian Foods. However, duqqa is specific to Egypt.

egypt cuisineFish And Seafood

When traveling to Alexandria or along the coast, you will have wonderful access to fresh fish and seafood. You might order a simple dish of grilled or fried fish and both will be delicious. Fish and seafood are also great with a side of rice.

Fesihk, a traditional dish is made from dried, salted, and fermented saltwater fish. This type of fish is caught in the red sea and Mediterranan seas. Definitely, fesihk is an acquired taste!


Vegetarian Dishes

egyptian cuisineKoshary is a dish that dated back to the 19th century and is consumed at food carts and restaurants. Ingredients include macaroni, rice, lentils, and tomato sauce, and is topped with chickpeas and fried onions.

Eggah is an egg dish in which there are many variations. In addition, there are options when it comes to fillings such as meat and vegetables.

Other ingredients of eggah include onions, tomatoes, leeks, zucchini, coriander, cumin, turmeric, and more

Ful medames, traditional Egyptian food with a history dating back centuries. Ful consists of fava beans with various spices and herbs

Meat Dishes

Here are the main types of the Egyptian meat dishes:

1- Fatteh a meal often eaten at eid is made from lamb, rice, bread, and suce.

2- Hawaashi also a traditional dish made of bread stuffed with minced meat and vegetables.

3- Kamounia is a rich stew eaten in Egypt, Sudan, and Tunisia.  This dish is made of beef and spiced with cumin.


There are 3 types of bread in Egypt cuisine:

1- Eish baladi is traditional pita bread

2- Eish fino is an elongated bread similar to the French baguette and can also be used to make sandwiches.

3- Eish shamsi is a sourdough bread popular in upper Egypt


Ther are 3 types of chees in Egypt cuisine:

1- Mish a salty cheese which is often made at home in rural areas.

2- Domiati cheese has a long history and takes it’s name from Damietta. This white cheese is made from buffalo and cow milk.

3- Areesh cheese is another white cheese made from laben rayeb, which is a form of curdled milk.


Feteer meshaltet is a flaky pastry that can be sweet or savory. in addition, , it can be filled with honey, cheese, chocolate, coconut, or pudding.

Baklava is another pastry filled with honey and nuts.

Basbousa is a cake coated in syrup and sometimes rose water is added for additional flavor.


Tea is one of Egypt’s most popular beverages. Egyptians drink Black tea virtually anywhere and in different forms, with various methods of preparation and different amounts of sugar

On the other hand, Herbal teas are also very popular, especially hibiscus tea. Mint tea is another great choice.  Fresh mint is often put into black teas and lemonade as well. Egypt has a strong tea drinking culture for sure.

The unique Egypt cuisine has been influenced by history, particularly by its middle east neighbors. In fact, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, and  Ottomans first influenced Egyptian cuisine thousands of years ago.


Alexandrian liver sandwich gets its name from the port city of Alexandria. This city sits on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast. However, this sandwich has spread its popularity across Egypt. The liver is typically beef or lamb and comes sliced in the sandwich. Beforehand, there is a strict marination process. The meat is marinated in white vinegar, cumin, chili, and garlic. Finally, the meat is sauteed with sliced onion and green chili, and garlic.

The taste is strengthened by this process. The liver is then placed inside a bread bag and drizzled in tahini sauce.

In fact, Shawarma is a classic middle eastern food and is credited to Lebanese origin. However, shawarma has been adopted by Egypt. Shawarma meat is marinated in beef, lamb, or chicken. Famously, the meat of choice is cooked vertically on a large rotating spit. The meat roasts on mass over a long period.  When shawarma is ordered, the chef cuts the meat straight off of the spit, usually, the shawarma is served on a bun with loads of tahini sauce. Shawarma has accrued a reputation as being a street food dish. Because of this, you can eat it throughout the day. However, shawarma is usually eaten mostly at lunchtime or as an evening dish.


Related FAQ

What is ancient Egypt food culture?

A large variety of vegetables were grown, including onions, garlic, leeks, beans, lentils, peas, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers, and lettuce. There were also fruits, such as figs and dates. The honey was produced or sweetening desserts

What is special about Egyptian food?

Egyptian cuisine is conducive to vegetarian diets as it relies heavily on legumes and vegetable dishes

Who influenced Egyptian cuisine?

Persians, greeks, and Romans first influenced Egyptian cuisine thousands of years ago

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