Alexander the Great – And The Largest Empire in The World

Alexander the Great – And The Largest Empire in The World

Alexander the Great. Absolutely Unbeaten Leader of The Largest Empire in The World

Alexander the Great is one of the most prominent personalities in the ancient world, who achieved his own immortality within his life and even after his death. Actually, his death caused great confusion, as till today, the doctors cannot identify which caused in death this young man.

Alexander the Great

Alexander was born in the city of Pella around the year 356 BC, and he was a student at the hands of the famous philosopher and scientist “Aristotle” until he reached his sixteenth year.

And by his thirtieth year, he had established one of the largest and greatest empires in the ancient world, which stretched from the coasts of the Ionian Sea to the west up to The Himalayan mountain range in the east. He is considered one of the most successful military leaders, as he has never been defeated in any battle fought.

How Did Alexander make his dream come true!

Alexander the Great was fond of the era of heroics and legendary heroes, and he dreamed of sitting a great empire. When he was still a teenager, he became a soldier and embarked on the first military expedition against the Thracian tribes.

In 338 BC, Alexander became in charge of the cavalry and assisted his father in defeating the Athenian and Thurian armies in Geronia.

Alexander the Great

But then Philip, the father of Alexander, married Cleopatra and expelled Olympia, the mother of Alexander, so Alexander and Olympia were forced to flee Macedonia and stay with the Olympia family in Epirus.

Alexander comes to power

In 336 BC, King Philip II was murdered by the Macedonian nobleman Possanius. Upon the death of his father, Alexander, who was 19 years old at that time, decided to seize power in any way.

He quickly obtained the support of the Macedonian army, including its leaders and divisions that fought with him in Gheronia, so the army announced Alexander as a feudal king, and he killed any potential heirs to the throne, even Olympia secured her son’s power by killing the daughter of King Philip II and Cleopatra.

At this time, Alexander began to build his great empire. Alexander proclaimed himself king of Persia after Darius was captured and considered a fugitive. After that, he surrounded Gaza on his way to Egypt and was able to take it easily, and Egypt fell without any resistance.

Establishment of the city of Alexandria

In 331 BC, he established the city of Alexandria to be a center for Greek culture and trade. Then, in the same year, Alexander triumphed over the Persians at the Battle of Gaugamela, and with the collapse of the Persian army, Alexander became “king of Babylon, king of Asia, and the king of the four sides of the world.”

Alexander’s next target was eastern Iran, where he established Macedonian colonies. In 327 BC, he captured a fortress in Ariames, and after capturing Prince Auxiarts, Alexander married his daughter Roxana.

Injured in Battles

In 328 BC,  Alexander triumphed over the armies of King Porus in northern India, and when Alexander found himself admiring Poros, he re-appointed him as king and gained his allegiance and pardon, to then head east to the Ganges River, but he returned after his army refused to advance further. On the way back to the Indus River, Malian fighters wounded Alexander.

Alexander the Great

In 325 BC, after Alexander had healed, he and his army went to the north along the harsh Persian Gulf, where many fell prey to disease, injury, and death. In February 324, Alexander finally arrived in Shushan.

He tried to preserve his leadership spirit and hire more soldiers; So he tried to establish ties between the Persian nobles and the Macedonians with the aim of creating a ruling class; and to achieve that, he ordered Shushan to marry a large number of Macedonians to Persian princesses.

After his success in using tens of thousands of Persian soldiers in his army; many of his Macedonian soldiers were demobilized, which increased the number of soldiers who were critical of Alexander’s new soldiers and objecting to his adoption of Persian customs and traditions.

Therefore, in order to calm the Macedonian soldiers, Alexander killed 13 Persian military leaders.

The Most Important Artifact Alexander left For History (Alexandria City)

You can feel the soul of Alexander the Great by visiting Alexandria; the city he decided to set and called it Alexandria to carry his name, since, on his way on the Mediterranean coast; A place of land located on the Mediterranean caught the king’s attention, and he thought carefully about that spot.

Alexander the Great - Alexanderia

It has wonderful properties that made Alexandria suitable for creating a great city on the latest designs at that time and from these properties that are the presence of the fresh drinking water from the Nile through the Canopic branch; and the presence of a small island facing that spot which could easily connect together.

This island is considered a front defensive front for the city, and the presence of Lake Mariout south of this land constitutes a defensive fortification from the south side.

These specifications convinced the Greek hero to establish a city on this site bearing his name and commemorating his memory and be a port serving international trade in this region.

He asked his Greek engineer (Dino Cartes) to plan this new city, and he designed it in the hypo-dhami style; which consisted of two main streets intersecting at a right angle; and then planning other secondary streets parallel to each of the two streets; which is a layout that is commonly used in many cities Since the fifth century BC.

The engineer Dino Qratis began to extend a bridge linking the island; which they named later the island of Pharos, and the length of this bridge was 1300 m. As a result of the construction of this bridge, there were two ports.

The Mystery Of Alexander’s Death

The young man died in Babylon, Iraq, in 323 BC; and the cause of his death is still a mystery that baffles the doctors, and archaeologists are still searching for his grave.

Alexander statue

Scientists at the Greek University of Aristotle concluded that the cause of death of The Greek king was “pancreatic necrosis” and not malaria or pneumonia, as was common before.

The researchers analyzed the symptoms of illness; and the last days of the Macedonian Caesar’s life that the Ancient Greek historians described. The beginning of the symptoms was in the form of severe abdominal pain after consuming food and alcohol; accompanied by fever and chills, which were getting worse day after day within 14 days.

According to the University of Maryland College of Medicine Report 1998; Alexander the Great died of typhoid fever alongside malaria, which was common in ancient Babylon. Suggested causes for Alexander the Great’s death include alcoholic liver disease, fever, and strychnine poisoning, but little data support these accounts.

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Related FAQ

What Alexander the Great was famous for?

Alexander the Great Fame

The Great Alexander, despite being the ruler of ancient Macedonia for only 13 years, changed the course of history. He built a massive empire that stretched from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to parts of India, making him one of the world's greatest military generals.

Did Alexander the Great rule Egypt?

Alexander entered Egypt in 332 B.C., a kingdom that had been under Persian rule for two centuries on and off. He founded Alexandria, the most prosperous city he ever built, on Egypt's northern coast.

How long did Alexander the Great rule Egypt?

The Great Alexander Reign

Alexander III of Macedon (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρoς  Alexandros; 20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), also known as Alexander the Great, was a monarch of the ancient Greek country of Macedon. He reigned from 20/21 July 356 BC to 10/11 June 323 BC.

Did Alexander the Great became pharaoh of Egypt?

In the eyes of the Egyptians, he became a pharaoh, a god-man, and was deemed a descendant of Amun, their greatest deity. He created a new form of government that lasted three centuries.

Was Egypt conquered by Alexander?

Egypt and Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great entered Egypt with a mixed army of Macedonians and Greeks in the autumn of 332 BCE, finding the Egyptians ready to revolt against the Persians' oppressive rule. The Egyptians embraced Alexander as a liberator, and he conquered the land without fighting.

Why did Alexander want Egypt?

Alexander marched to Egypt after defeating the Persian ruler Darius for control of Syria and the Levant. Egypt was a satrapy in the Persian Empire at the time, held loosely under Persian rule from the end of the 7th century BC, when the Ancient Egyptian Empire collapsed.

Who ruled Egypt before Alexander the Great?

Egypt before Alexander the Great

Ptolemy ascended to the throne of Egypt in 305 BC. He established the Ptolemaic dynasty, which would dominate Egypt for nearly 300 years as Ptolemy I Soter ("Saviour").

Who was pharaoh after Alexander the Great?

From 305/304 BC until his death, Ptolemy was the pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt.

What did Alexander the Great do to Egypt and Egyptians?

Egyptians and Alexander the Great

Many books and historians believe that alexander the Great was a great ruler and he respected the Egyptians. This is very clear in many temples like Luxor and Karnak, where Alexander depicted himself as a Pharoah. he installed and controlled all the Greek Empire from Alexandria, the city he established on Egypt northcost.

Do Egyptians like Alexander the Great?

If we are talking here about Ancient Egyptians, Alexander the Great was an invader so in the beginning, Ancient Egyptians didn't like a king who invaded their land but later, and once they realized that he respected Ancient Egyptian Gods and belives it was a privilege for Alexander to be loved by many Ancient Egyptians. As for the modern Egyptians now, some of them think that he was more Egyptian than the Greek invador!

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